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BOOK - London Ontario's Unrepentant Confederates, the Ku Klux Klan and a RENDITION on WELLINGTON STREET   
By Ron W. Shaw
Published by Global Heritage Press, Ottawa, 2018

Softcover...37.95 (C$)
pdf download.....16.95 (C$)
Link emailed within 1 business day
Licensed for personal use only



Immediately following the American Civil War, a wave of unrepentant Confederate families who refused to take the oath of allegiance to the United States Constitution flowed into Canada between 1865 and 1870. Many of those took up residence across southwestern Ontario, including in the city of London. They were joined by men, soon followed by their families, who were fleeing arrest as American President Ulysses S. Grant moved to destroy the Ku Klux Klan. This book tells the story of London’s refugee Confederates, KKK fugitives and, in particular, of one man for whom even London proved within reach of a U.S. Deputy Marshal.

Two of the Confederate States’ most prominent families, the Mazycks and Manigaults, fled into exile at London, Ontario, Canada, where their homes soon became the terminus of a new sort of ‘Underground Railroad’. Ku Klux Klan fugitives, wanted for murder and mayhem, arrived at their doors seeking sanctuary under the British flag.

Welcomed by their countrymen and the people of London, these hunted men found employment, established businesses, and passed the next decade undisturbed. That they could do so was the surprising outcome of the rendition of one of the first Klansmen to reach the city.

In June 1872, Dr. James Rufus Bratton was kidnapped in front of his Wellington Street boarding house and transported back to the United States in chains. Within days a firestorm of protest raced from London City Council, to Prime Minister John A. Macdonald, through the British Foreign Office and on to Washington DC. In less than two weeks Bratton was back in London; restored to freedom with all charges of murder, assault and civil rights violations withdrawn.

The ‘Bratton Affair’ demonstrated a long-standing sympathy among Londoners, and Canadians generally, for the Confederate cause. It also revealed the young Dominion’s sensitivity in matters of sovereignty and its continued dependence on the muscle of Great Britain in foreign affairs.

For unrepentant Southerners it confirmed that Canada was a safe haven.

Contents include:
  • Acknowledgements
  • Foreword
  • Chapter 1 Dr. James Rufus Bratton
  • Chapter 2 York County, South Carolina
  • Chapter 3 Union League
  • Chapter 4 Ku Klux Klan
  • Chapter 5 Major J. William Avery
  • Chapter 6 Captain Jim Williams
  • Chapter 7 Jim Williams’ Last Muster
  • Chapter 8 Major Lewis Merrill
  • Chapter 9 Marshal Joseph G. Hester
  • Chapter 10 Mazyck and Manigault
  • Chapter 11 The Tecumseh House
  • Chapter 12 Rendition
  • Chapter 13 Diplomatic Storm
  • Chapter 14 Isaac Bell Cornwall
  • Chapter 15 Politics and Pardons
  • Chapter 16 Payback for Merrill
  • Chapter 17 Klansmen to the End
  • Chapter 18 Hester Carries On
  • Chapter 19 Rehabilitation
  • Chapter 20 London Enclave
  • Chapter 21 Respected Citizen
  • Appendix-1 Seeds of Hate
  • Appendix-2 Confederate Gold
  • Selected Sources
  • Illustrations
  • Index
187 Pages
6 X 9"
Softcover or digital format (searchable pdf)
Published by Global Heritage Press, Carleton Place, 2018
978-1-77240-098-4(pbk)

Local booksellers who stock this book:
    Available directly from publisher....




About the author: Ron W. Shaw
    A native of Perth, Ontario, Ron W. Shaw studied journalism at Algonquin College and worked for newspapers, radio and television in northern and western Ontario for a decade before a 35 year career with non-governmental relief and development organizations in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Click for a list of Ron W. Shaw's books




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