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Census Enumerators' Remarks Can be Revealing
Column published: 22 March 2010
By: Shirley Gage Hodges Biography & Archived Articles
The response to my census articles has strengthen my opinion that many Canadians are interested in learning more about the U. S. census. Because many of us have ancestors on both sides of the border it does help to become familiar with the different aspects of these instruments.
As I indicated in my last article, in this article I will explore some of the ways that we can learn about our ancestor's lifestyles and living conditions.
I find that often times I learn as much from the comments made by the enumerators as I do from the actual record. We get an idea of the real living conditions from some of the comments that they included when completing the record. They probably had no idea that someone would be seeing them in a hundred years. If they had, they might not have been quite so candid.
Many of the enumerators were clergy, teachers or businessmen who volunteered as they had the required level of literacy to complete the forms. The schoolteachers who were unemployed during the summer or a farmer who wanted to supplement his income were, like us, just regular people. Some were conscientious and took their job seriously while others were just out to put as many names down as possible to collect their pay just as some people do today. Before the establishment of the census bureau the taking of the census was under the direction of local US Marshals. It was up to the Marshals to hire the census enumerators. Unfortunately, not every census enumerator was chosen for their ability to write and spell.
I thought readers might enjoy this paragraph written by census numerator Mary Ames Atkins at the end of the 1880 Salem, Massachusetts's census.
(Census Year: 1880; Salem, Essex, Massachusetts; Family
History Film: 1254532; Page: 882; ED: 240; Image: 785.)
Mr. Hrontile? was listed as a roaming basket maker. The entry that the enumerator wrote across the occupation session was very unusual.
It is amazing what you can learn about your family from the census records. This is the record for my parents. They were married in 1928 so this is the first census that they appeared on as a couple. I was pleased to see the R on the form. This meant that they had a radio. My parent's names were Dale and Fern B. Gage. On the index my mother is clearly indexed as "Tom B.". There were 16 families listed on that census page and only 6 families had radios.
(Census Year: 1930; Cato, Montcalm Co., Michigan;
Roll: 1013; Page: 3B; ED: 7; Image: 699.)
Because there was a lot of interest regarding name patterns and trends I will do follow-up on that topic in the next article.
Until next time :)
Shirley Hodges firstname.lastname@example.org
To read back issues of Shirley Hodges' articles, visit her biography & archived Articles
Editor's Note: Shirley Hodges is the author of the popular Guide to United States Census, 1790-1930:
BOOK - Guide to United States Census, 1790-1930
By Shirley Gage Hodges
Published by Global Heritage Press, Milton
Guide to the United States Census, 1790-1930 explains what the United States census records are, what information they contain and how to use each census. Each individual year of the Federal Census between 1790 and 1930 (census were compiled every 10 years) is explained in detail. This guide is designed to help the census novice and intermediate researcher come to grips with this valuable genealogical research tool. Experts will also find this guide useful.
ISBN 978-1-897446-01-0 More information
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