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BOOK - Les Écossais: The Pioneer Scots of Lower Canada (Quebec), 1763-1855
By: Lucille H. Campey
This is the first fully documented account, produced in modern times, of the migration of Scots to Lower Canada (Quebec).
Scots were in the forefront of the early influx of British settlers, which began in the late eighteenth century. John Nairne and Malcolm Fraser were two of the first Highlanders to make their mark on the province, arriving at La Malbaie soon after the Treaty of Paris in 1763. By the early 1800s many Scottish settlements had been formed along the north side of the Ottawa River, in the Chateauguay Valley to the southwest of Montreal, and in the Gaspé region. Then, as economic conditions in the Highlands and Islands deteriorated by the late 1820s, large numbers of Hebridean crofters settled in the Eastern Townships. The first group came from Arran and the later arrivals from Lewis.
Les Écossais were proud of their Scottish traditions and customs, those living reminders of the old country which had been left behind. In the end they became assimilated into Quebec's French-speaking society, but along the way they had a huge impact on the province's early development.
How were les Écossais regarded by their French neighbours? Were they successful pioneers? In her book, Lucille H. Campey assesses their impact as she unravels their story. Drawing from a wide range of fascinating sources, she considers the process of settlement and the harsh realities of life in the New World. She explains how Quebec province came to acquire its distinctive Scottish communities and offers new insights on their experiences and achievements.
"Campey's volumes are an invaluable resource for the historian or genealogist. They are accessible, with many illustrations and useful maps."
About the author:
— Elizabeth Ritchie, University of Guelph, International Review of Scottish Studies
Dr. Lucille Campey is a Canadian, living in Britain, with over thirty years of experience as a researcher and author. Lucille was awarded a Ph.D. by Aberdeen University in 1998 for her research into Scottish emigration to Canada in the period 1770-1850. Lucille has published six books on the subject of emigrant Scots to Canada. Described by the P.E.I. Guardian as "indispensable to Islanders of Scottish ancestry," her first book, "A Very Fine Class of Immigrants": Prince Edward Island’s Scottish Pioneers 1770-1850, gives the most comprehensive account to date of the Scottish influx to the Island. Her second book, "Fast Sailing and Copper-Bottomed": Aberdeen Sailing Ships and the Emigrant Scots They Carried to Canada 1774-1855, gives a gripping account of emigrant shipping from the north of Scotland to Canada in the sailing ship era. Her third book, The Silver Chief: Lord Selkirk and the Scottish Pioneers of Belfast, Baldoon and Red River , examines the three Selkirk settlements in Canada. Her fourth book is After the Hector: The Scottish Pioneers of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, 1773-1852, her fifth is The Scottish Pioneers of Upper Canada, 1784-1855: Glengarry and Beyond, and this, her sixth book, is Les Écossais: The Pioneer Scots of Lower Canada, 1763-1855. A seventh book, which will deal with emigration from Scotland to New Brunswick, will be published in Spring 2007.
Number of pages: 332
Dimensions: 6.00 x 9.00 inches
B&W Illustrations: 58
Ships Passenger Lists: Yes
Format: Trade Paperback
Published: June 5th, 2006
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