Home Childen, Barnardo Children,
Middlemore, Fegan Home, Quarriers, etc
Genealogy & History Resources
BOOK - Great Canadian Expectations, The Middlemore Experience
By Patricia Roberts-Pichette
Published by Global Heritage Press, Ottawa, November 2016
Some emigration agencies have been accused of having acted more in their own interest than the children’s, leaving the latter open to abuse. A common belief has evolved that these children were exploited for economic gain by the Canadian families with whom they were placed and for the relief of the British public purse.
Dr. Patricia Roberts-Pichette has found that the history of John T. Middlemore’s Children’s Emigration Homes, which settled more than 5,000 children in Canada, is strikingly different from the usual negative accounts of the emigration agencies. The experiences of Middlemore children were mainly positive and most of them thrived. The Middlemore story became her passion to relate.
Great Canadian Expectations: The Middlemore Experience is the result of fifteen years of research by the author. Unlimited access to all extant Middlemore files up to 1936, to contemporary reports, and the personal communications and meetings with Middlemore family members and descendants of Middlemore home children have given Dr. Roberts- Pichette a unique perspective on the work of the Middlemore agency and its homes.
The author concludes that John T. Middlemore’s motivations were truly altruistic and that his organization’s procedures were in accord with the best contemporary social practice. Her book explores government policy changes over the whole period of juvenile immigration and reveals the influence of eugenicists in helping end the juvenile immigration movement in Canada. It is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand the movement’s causes and evolution.
Patricia Roberts-Pichette, Ph.D. was born in New Zealand where she received her early education before completing her graduate studies in the United States on a Fulbright Scholarship. She then taught for 10 years at the University of New Brunswick, following which she served twenty-five years in the Canadian federal and international public services. In 2001, with other volunteers of the British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa, she helped prepare a nominal index of the children mentioned in the microfilmed archives of Middlemore Homes records held by Library and Archives Canada. This work helped spark her interest in the juvenile emigration movement.
8.25 X 10.75"
Published by Global Heritage Press, Ottawa, 2016
ISBN 978-1-77240-046-5 (Softcover)
More British Home Children Resources from GlobalGenealogy.com:
BOOK - A Genealogists' Guide to Researching British Home Children
By Gloria F. Tubman
Published by Global Heritage Press, Ottawa, 2017
Thousands of British Home Children were resettled in Canada between the 1870s and 1939. The social and economic causes that percipitated the export of orphaned and destitute children to Canada was a product of the times -- the effects of the industrial revolution and a lack of an adequate social safety net being the largest contributors. The child migration initiative was supported by the governments on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. This book is a compilation of articles and columns that Tubman wrote in an effort to inform those who are interested in British Home Children movement, and to provide researchers with the information needed to research records of individual Home Children. Most of the articles were originally published in The Equity newspaper of Shawville, Quebec. The Quarrier Homes of Scotland article was published in Anglo Celtic Roots, the journal of the British Isles Family History Society of Greater Ottawa. All are reprinted in this volume with permission from the The Equity and Anglo Celtic Roots. ISBN 978-1-77240-075-5 More Information
BOOK - Great Canadian Expectations, The Middlemore Experience (British Home Childen)
By Patricia Roberts-Pichette
Published by Global Heritage Press, Ottawa, 2016
Over 100,000 neglected or homeless and often unwanted children from Britain were settled in Canada between 1869 and 1948 by more than 50 British juvenile emigration agencies. Because they came from an agency’s home in Britain to be settled from the agency’s distributing home in Canada, they were called home children. This is the history of one of those organizations, Middlemore Homes. This exceptional book is the result of fifteen years of research by the author and her volunteer collaborators. Unlimited access to all extant Middlemore files up to 1936, to contemporary reports, and the personal communications and meetings with Middlemore family members and descendants of Middlemore home children have given Dr. Roberts- Pichette a unique perspective on the work of the Middlemore agency and its homes. Her book explores government policy changes over the whole period of juvenile immigration and reveals the influence of eugenicists in helping end the juvenile immigration movement in Canada in general and Middlemore Homes in particular. It is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand the movement’s causes and evolution. ISBN 978-1-77240-046-5 More Information
BOOK - British Home Children: Their Stories
Compiled by the British Isles Family History Society of Ottawa (BIFHSGO)
Published by Global Heritage Press, Milton, 2010
British Home Children were those who were admitted into a Philanthropic Home, Union Workhouse or Industrial School between 1869 and 1948, from families that had suffered a great tragedy or were dysfunctional. A great many of these children were then brought to Canada where they were received into a Distributing Home for settlement as farm labourers and domestics. To commemorate The Year of the British Home Child, BIFHSGO has assembled a collection of stories prepared by the researchers about the lives of some of these these children — their ancestors — that demonstrate the strength of character, sense of purpose and good humour that enabled them to overcome adversity and contribute a positive and lasting legacy to their new country. ISBN 978-1-926797-47-2 (Softcover) More information
NEWSLETTERS - The J. W. C. Fegan British Home Children Newsletter Collection 1877 and 1920
By J. W. C. Fegan, W.Y. Fullerton, D.D., etal
Published by Global Heritage Press, Milton, 2013
The J. W. C. Fegan British Home Children Collection CD includes digitized copies of ALL surviving Fegan Homes newsletters that were published between 1877 and 1920. More than 1532 searchable pages in total. The newsletters include much information about specific home children during their time in Fegan's care and after they became "old boys" as well as lots of pictures of individuals and groups. This collection is essential to everyone with an interest in the Fegan Homes in particular or the British Home Children movement in general. The narratives also shine a light on the human cost of the industrial revolution and J.W.C. Fegan's efforts to deal with its side effects. Similarly, this is a fine reference for those who seek insights into conditions and norms in rural and urban Canada that encouraged importation of indentured children during this time period. ISBN 978-1-926797-76-2 (CD Edition) More information
BOOK - J. W. C. Fegan, A Tribute
By W. Y. Fullerton, D.D.
Originally published in England, 1913
This edition published by Global Heritage Press, Milton 2003
New Forword by Douglas V. Fry, Fawne Startford-Devai (2003)
New introduction by Marj Kohli (2003)
The life of James William Condell Fegan is presented by W. Y. Fullerton. It tells the tale of a man who devoted his life to helping the poor in general, and the home children in particular. ISBN 1-894378-89-X More information
NOVEL - Stepping Stones [British Home Children]
By John E. Milnes, Jan M. Milnes
Published by FriesenPress, Victoria, 2016
A novel based on the stories of immigrant children to Canada, including the British Home Childen. With the emergence of the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain came increased riches for the wealthy and desperate poverty for the poor. The British Government, in a valiant attempt to help these lost souls, entered into an agreement with the Canadian Government, resulting in large numbers of British children emigrating to Canada in the new world. These were to become known as the British Home Children because they largely started out in a philanthropic home. Some even migrated through other means, as will be seen in the case of John Buchan, a significant character in this novel. The authors determined that the wealth of books presently available did not truly reflect the reality of the situation to which these children were subjected. Through this novel they hope to generate a greater interest in the children who were to play a large part in forming the demographic of an emerging nation. In Ontario alone 1 in 10 are believed to be descendants of these children. ISBN 978-1460282564 More Information
BOOK - Laying the Children’s Ghosts to Rest: Canada’s Home Children in the West
By Sean Arthur Joyce
Published by Hagios Press, Regina, 2014
Between 1869 and the early 1930s more than 100,000 children were rounded up from the streets of Britain to be used as labourers in Canadian homes and farms. Today there are two million or more descendants of what were derisively known in Canada as 'home children'. With painstaking research and an ability to bring personal details to life, Joyce imbues the stories of 'home children' with a sense of redemption and human dignity. Joyce asks, "Are we a people who have lost our ghosts? Or are we in fact haunted by them, but can't remember their names?" as he raises the specter of thousands of child ghosts who inhabit our Canadian landscape. A must-read for those with an interest in British Home Children. ISBN 978-1-926710-27-3 More information
BOOK - Marjorie Too Afraid to Cry, A Home Child Experience
By Patricia Skidmore
Published by Dundurn, Toronto, 2013
Marjorie Arnison was one of the thousands of children removed from their families, communities, and country and placed in a British colony or commonwealth to provide "white stock" and cheap labour. In Marjorie's case, she was sent to Prince of Wales Fairbridge Farm School, just north of Victoria, British Columbia, in 1937. As a child, Patricia was angered that her mother wouldn't talk about the past. It took many years to discover why – it wasn't because she was keeping a dark secret, but because she had "lost" her childhood. For 10-year-old Marjorie, forgetting her past, her family, and England was the only survival tool she had at her disposal to enable her to face her frightening and uncertain future. This is Marjorie's account as told by her daughter. It is a story of fear, loss, courage, survival, and finding one's way home. ISBN 9781459703391 More information
NOVEL - The Street Arab - The Story of a British Home Child
By Sandra Joyce
Published by Welldone Publishing, Toronto, 2011
We seldom include a novel in our catalog but have made an exception with this book because of it's careful attention to historic detail. The Street Arab is a powerful novel about a boy, from a small mining town in Scotland, whose family is torn apart by the First World War and resulting poverty. After foraging for food one day, Robbie returns home to find his family missing and suffers a horrific accident. With strength and determination, he forges ahead and is sent, along with countless other British Home Children, to Canada to begin a new life. What awaits him is more than he could ever have imagined. The Street Arab, written almost a century later, pays homage to the children involved in one of Canada’s largest immigration schemes. It is estimated that ten percent of Canadians are British Home Child descendants. Those with an interest in the 18th and early 19th century relocation of orphaned and poor British children to Canada will benefit from reading this book. ISBN 978-0-9877640-0-3 More information
NOVEL - Belonging [British Home Children]
By Sandra Joyce
Published by Welldone Publishing, Toronto, 2014 (Sept 28)
We seldom include a novel in our catalog but have made an exception with this book because of it's careful attention to historic detail. Belonging, the sequel to The Street Arab is the continuation of the story of Robbie, the former British Home Child as he joins the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corp and is sent overseas to fight in the Second World War, followed later by Annie who returns to England as a nurse. The story of their off-again on-again relationship is overshadowed by the intense fighting in Algeria and Italy and the bombing of London. The excitement, fear and battles of the War are recaptured by meticulous research and quick-paced action. The book finishes in Canada with Robbie as an old man with two generations of descendants to bear witness to his long journey from Scotland to Canada as a British Home Child and then proud Canadian veteran. Those with an interest in the 18th and early 19th century relocation of orphaned and poor British children to Canada will benefit from reading this book. ISBN 978-0-9737330-6-8 More information
BOOK - The Golden Bridge,Young Immigrants To Canada, 1833-1939
By: Marjorie Kohli.
Many thousands of Canadians are descended from young immigrants transported to Canada from 1833 to 1939. Author Marjorie Kohli has meticulously documented the incredible story of the removal of thousands of "waifs and strays" and young men and women, primarily from the UK and Ireland. They braved the perilous voyage to an unknown future in Canada, ultimately being placed throughout the Maritimes, Ontario, Quebec and westward as far as British Columbia. The most comprehensive resource of its kind, The Golden Bridge promises to be an indispensable tool for family researchers with a "home child" ancestor, and of interest to those unfamiliar with this aspect of Canadian history. This extensively researched book incorporates background detail on agencies and key organizers such as Maria Rye, Annie Macpherson, Thomas Barnardo and William Quarrier, along with lesser knowns including Ellinor Close and Charles Young. Marjorie Kohli is well known for her years of active involvement with juvenile and child migration issues. Supported by charts, passenger lists and archival visuals, The Golden Bridge is a must-read for genealogists and history buffs alike. More information
BOOK - The Quarriers Story, One Man's Vision Which Gave Over 40,000 Children a New Life
By Anna Magnusson
This book, by Anna Magnusson, chronicles the history of Quarriers from its earliest days as a refuge for thousands of destitute children in Victorian Scotland through to becoming one of the 21 st century’s leading social care charities. It tells the inspiring story of how the vision and determination of one man – William Quarrier – created a legacy which continues to serve the people of Scotland to this day.
BOOK - The Little Immigrants
Between 1870 and the Depression, more than 80,000 impoverished children from the British Isles journeyed to Canada. Known as the "home children" they were sent overseas by well-meaning philanthropists to solve the farm labor shortage. Here is a heart rending story of youngsters to many of whom a new life in Canada meant only hardship and abuse.
BOOK - Nation Builders, Bernardo Children in Canada
By Gail H. Corbett
The book sensitively and accurately records the largest and most successful child emigration into the emerging nation. The author records first hand accounts of child emigration, archival materials, directions for genealogical research and more.
BOOK - Whatever Happened to Mary Janeway? A Home Child Story
By Mary Pettit
Published by Dundurn, Toronto, 2012
Sixteen-year-old Mary Janeway, a home child, is desperate to escape from her rural home child placement and flees to London, Ontario, to find a domestic position. When conditions become unbearable, she moves on, vowing never to relinquish her freedom again. After she arrives in Hamilton as a young bride, she quickly adapts to the urban conveniences and the marvels of new inventions that include electric sewing machines, sulphur matches, street stoplights, a one-horsepower Brunswick refrigerator, the advent of the zipper, and the beginning of radio. But even the latest technology can’t stop the ravages of disease and other family tragedies.
ISBN 978-1-45970-171-7 More information