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BOOK - The Acadians Before 1755
By Régis Brun
First edition published by Régis Brun, Moncton, 2005
This edition published by Global Heritage Press, Milton 2012
This overview of Acadian history in the 17th and 18th centuries emphasizes the dynamic nature of that rural society, within a geographical approach to settlement in five regions before 1755. A number of unpublished documents will also be brought to the reader's attention.
6 X 9"
What was Acadie before 1755?
This book answers the question by looking at five specific regions of early Acadie: Port-Royal, the Minas Basin and Cobeguit, all of
which became part of Nova Scotia at the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713; Île Royale, which remained a French possession in 1713 but became British, under the name Cape Breton, in 1763, and Chipoudie, on the Petcoudiac River, in what came to be called New Acadie by historians, and officially became New Brunswick in 1784.
This study does not deal with the origins, the arrival in the New World or the genealogy of the men and women who first settled the land they made their own, on the northwestern shores of the Atlantic Ocean. The political, administrative and religious development of Acadie will also remain outside our scope, as they have been widely explored by historians of this early period, both in French and English.
Régis Brun's purpose is quite different. His approach to Acadian settlement in its five regions is geographical, with particular attention being paid to the socioeconomic conditions of the people in these areas. He describes the dynamics of the Acadian economy, manifested in the land-based communities and in the coastal trading carried out by businessmen and sea captains in 18th-century Acadie.
Brun explores the methods used by the Acadians to settle the land, to establish their farms, to cultivate the meadows and to create their hamlets and villages. The rivalries that arose among these people are also discussed, since Acadians are far from being the bucolic people frozen in time and made legendary by Longfellow, in his poem on the land of Evangeline.
A series of deportations, the "Grand Dérangement", brought ethnic cleansing to Acadie, followed by an orgy of destruction. This book chronicles these events and the tragic destiny of the deportees and refugees. The work also brings various unpublished documents to the attention
of interested readers, with some excerpts provided within.
Chapter 1 PORT-ROYAL – Dauphin River
- Acadian settlement at Port-Royal and on the Dauphin River
- Patrimonial homesteads on the Dauphin River
- Family hamlets
- The Deportation of the Acadians
Chapter 2 THE MINAS BASIN – Grand-Pré, Pigiguit and Rivière-des-Habitants
- History of Les Mines
- The settlement of the Minas Basin
- The right to property: a contentious people
- Diversity of industries
- Trading activities at Les Mines
- The political initiation of Acadians
- The Expulsion of the Acadians
- Beyond 1755
Chapter 3 COBEGUIT
- The foundation of Cobeguit
- Mathieu Martin, the Seigneur of Cobeguit
- The founding families of Cobeguit
- The villages in the parish of Cobeguit
- An Acadian farm
- Cobeguit on the transit route
- The Acadians and the military campaigns
- The inhabitants of Cobeguit emigrate to Île Saint-Jean and Île Royale
- The refugees
- 1755 – The expatriation
- The Acadians in Cobeguit after 1760
Chapter 4 CHIPOUDIE
- The settlement of Chipoudie
- The Parish of Notre-Dame de la Visitation
- The families in 1755
- Economic growth in Chipoudie
- Military developments in Chipoudie
- Chipoudie torched and razed
- The refugees
Chapter 5 ÎLE ROYALE: LOUISBOURG AND PORT-TOULOUSE
- The Acadians on Île Royale
- Louisbourg: The "Acadian Quarter" in Block 2
- Block 2 – Properties and residents, 1714-1758
- Migrations in the 1750s
- The economic growth of shipping: coastal trading
- Sea ports
- Mills and small shipyards
- Selling surplus farm products
- All the Saints in Heaven
- Lists of ships by name, and their owners, 1710-1760
- 135 pages
- 6 X 9"
- Softcover (perfect bound)
- First edition was published by Author, Moncton, 2005
- This edition published by Global Heritage Press, Milton 2012
- ISBN 978-1-926797-55-7 (Softcover)
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